Every baby develops at a slightly different pace, but generally the sequence of development is similar. In the table below are basic milestones typical at different ages. Remember each child develops at a different pace, and individual babies may be advanced in a certain area, e.g, grabbing and mouthing, yet a bit slower in other areas e.g. sitting/crawling. If your child is lagging behind significantly please consult the paediatrician: the sooner delays are picked up, the quicker we can intervene to find a diagnosis and treatment.
Some tips on development:
- Appropriate stimulation and gentle encouragement in a loving environment are so important from a young age, yet at all ages “overstimulation” and over-expectation can do more trouble than good.
- Celebrate and enjoy the milestones, rather than feeling pressured that your child should be reaching them. With my first child I was so anxious for him to reach each milestone that it felt like a box-ticking exercise! By the time I got to my last child, I had so few expectations that each milestone felt like a wonderful miracle! This was way more enjoyable than feeling the pressure!
- Try not to compare your child too much with other children. Each child is different and develops at a slightly different pace and may have different “strengths” coming through at different ages. Remember- as long as they are not outside of the normal scope- the timing of reaching early developmental milestones will not be an indication of their future academic or sporting prowess!
- A child may seem to “stagnate” in their development every now and again- but often this is followed by a major “leap” in development,. Therefore, do not stress too quickly if development has stood still for a while- the little brain is busy planning great advances! Also, a time of irritability and sleep disruption may accompany rapid development.
- If you do suspect an issue, please discuss this with your baby clinic professional or doctor immediately in case intervention is needed.
Developmental milestones : 0 months – 12 months
|Age||Gross Motor Skills||Fine Motor Skills||Hearing and Language Development||Visual Development||Personal/Social|
|Birth||Very little head control||Hands are closed and grasp reflex present||Startles to loud noises||Cries|
|6 weeks||Moderate amount of head control||May follow slow moving objects through 90 degrees||Begins to smile in response to familiar face or voice|
|3 months||Follows objects moving up to 180 degrees in the field of vision|
|6 months||Can move eyes in all directions||Recognises toys|
|9 months||Starts imitating sounds|
|12 months||Picks up tiny things from the ground|
Developmental milestones : 15 months – 36 months
|Age||Gross Motor Skills||Fine Motor Skills||Language||Visual Development||Personal/Social|
|15 months||Stacks 2- 3 blocks||Speaks 3-4 words|
|24 months||Adult visual acuity|